Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania in East Africa. It is the Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, which comprises town’s main islands of Unguja (Informally referred to as Zanzibar) and its sister island Pemba as well as about fifty smaller islets. The land area of the two main islands is approximately 2,332 square kilometres of which Unguja is 1,464 square kilometres. Zanzibar (Unguja) is mainly a low-lying island, with its highest point at 120metres above sea level.
A white sandy beach encircles the island which is full of palm trees. Long beaches are found on the East and North Coast of Zanzibar island. Other nearby island countries and territories include Comoros and Mayotte to the South, Mauritius and Reunion to the far South East, and Seychelles islands about 1,500 Kms to the East.